The SPL Journal of Literary Hermeneutics: A Biannual International Journal of Independent Critical Thinking https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs <h2>ABOUT THE SPLJLH JOURNAL</h2> <p><strong><em>The SPL Journal of Literary Hermeneutics: A Biannual International Journal of Independent Critical Thinking</em> </strong>is an Open Access, Double-blind Peer-reviewed / Refereed Journal. It is published in the month of January and July as Winter and Monsoon Editions. The journal aims at providing a better understanding of the polyphonic literary narratives. It aims to envisage the literary narratives not as an autonomous entity but as convergence where literary and extra literary concerns interact and influence in subtle ways. The journal is, therefore, committed to register the responses of readers, scholars and academicians who approach a literary text as an interpretive dialogue across cultures, literatures, themes, concepts and genres. The overall focus of the journal is on literary hermeneutics and independent critical thinking. The Journal aims to provide a forum of all like-minded scholars, researchers, academicians, independent critical thinkers and creative writers globally.</p> <p><strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;">JOURNALS PARTICULARS</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>Title: </strong><em><a href="http://www.literaryherm.org/">The SPL Journal of Literary Hermeneutics: A Biannual International Journal of Independent Critical Thinking</a></em></li> <li><strong>Frequency: </strong>Biannual</li> <li><strong>ISSN: </strong><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN-L/2583-1674">2583-1674</a></li> <li><strong>Publisher: </strong><a href="http://www.cavemarkpublications.com/">Cavemark Publications Private Limited</a> </li> <li><strong>Chief Editor: </strong><a href="http://www.tariqfaraz.net/">Dr. Mohammad Tariq</a></li> <li><strong>Starting Year: </strong>January 2021</li> <li><strong>Indexed by:</strong> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN-L/2583-1674">ROAD</a></li> <li><strong>Open Access</strong>: Yes</li> <li><strong>Subject: </strong>Literature</li> <li><strong>Language: </strong>English</li> <li><strong>Publication Format: </strong><a href="http://www.literaryherm.org/">Online</a></li> <li><strong>Phone No.: </strong>+91-9450297747 </li> <li><strong>Email ID: </strong><a href="mailto:editor@literaryherm.org">editor@literaryherm.org</a> / <a href="mailto:literaryherm@gmail.com">literaryherm@gmail.com</a></li> <li><strong>Mobile No.: </strong>+91-7007267681</li> <li><strong>Website: </strong><a href="http://www.literaryherm.org/">www.literaryherm.org</a> / <a href="http://www.cavemarkpublications.com/">www.cavemarkpublications.com</a></li> <li><strong>Address: </strong>PN 6-7 Bhadurpur (Phool Bagh Colony), Kursi Road, Lucknow UP—226026 India</li> <li><strong>Content-type: </strong>Academic/Scholarly/ Peer- Reviewed/ Refereed Review</li> <li><strong>Scope: </strong>Journal accepts unpublished works but not limited to the following: Indian Literature in English, Pakistani English Literature, SAARC Literature, African American Literature, British Literature, American Literature, Art, Aesthetics, Myth, Culture, Folklore, Canadian Literature, Children’s Literature, Dalit Literature, Diaspora Studies, Disability Studies, Disaster Literature, English Language Teaching, Gender Studies, Postcolonial Literature, Tribal Literature, Commonwealth Literature, Comparative Literature, Cultural Studies, Cyber Literature, Linguistics, Science Fiction and Cultural Analysis and Translation Studies and Literature and theory of literature, women’s studies, world literature, etc.</li> <li><strong>Policy: </strong>Double Blind Peer Review Policy, open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></li> <li><strong>Review</strong> <strong>Time: </strong>A fortnight.</li> </ul> Cavemark Publications Private Limited en-US The SPL Journal of Literary Hermeneutics: A Biannual International Journal of Independent Critical Thinking 2583-1674 Female Subjectivity and Sensibility in Ismat Chughtai’s All for a Husband https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/125 <p><strong>Aims:</strong> <em>The paper entitled “Female Subjectivity and Sensibility in</em> <em>Ismat Chughtai’s All for a Husband” brings out the challenges faced by woman in terms of space and self. The motive behind this research venture is to discuss issues of gender inequality and its effect on women from social, cultural, biological, psychological and emotional perspective. The stereo typical mind set of individuals and society are highlighted. As a forethought, measures to get rid of gender exploitation and genuine grievances are also addressed.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong> <em>The research design adopted for this study is qualitative philosophical and exploratory. The short story is meticulously examined through the lens of feminism. Case study was under taken in order to determine facts in the existing scenario. The findings of this study raised serious issues of gender inequality and its effects on the various arena that woman encounter in her every day to day life. </em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong> <em>The paper provides a new approach on woman centric issues that has to be viewed and weighed under ‘new’ lens. The series of questions raised during the analysis help individuals to self- interrogate and contribute towards self-realization.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions:</strong> <em>The scope and intensity of the problem has been explored in the light of primary data and with the theme involved. Some of the questions governing my enquiry are: How and why do we say that woman has got freedom when we see apparently her self-acknowledged losses? Why does she stay ineffective in spite of organizing programs like Women’s Movement in India? A strong teleology in determining the need for economic security to stay as ‘dominant’ and not as ‘dormant’ individual is enforced towards the culmination.</em></p> P. Priya Copyright (c) 2024 P. Priya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-01 2024-01-01 4 1 1 10 Caste, Identity, and Socio-Cultural Commentary: Examining A. K. Ramanujan's Poetic Engagement with Indian Society https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/129 <p><strong><em>Aims</em></strong><em>: The paper </em><em>aims to disentangle the complex ways in which Ramanujan addresses the various levels of caste dynamics through close examination of his poetry, offering perceptive analysis of India's socio-cultural environment. In the framework of Indian society, Ramanujan wields his power of imagination to investigate the complexities of Indian society and navigate the intricate threads of caste, customs, identity, and socio-cultural dynamics.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong> <em>The study adopts a meticulous blend of close textual analysis and a contextual evaluation of A.K. Ramanujan's poetic works. Through meticulous scrutiny of key poems such as "The Striders," "Relations," and "The Black Hen," this research takes a hermeneutic method to analyze the linguistic nuances, symbolism, and imagery employed by Ramanujan. </em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> The research aims to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on A.K. Ramanujan's poetry by providing an in-depth exploration of his engagement with caste, identity, and social commentary. By unveiling the subtleties of his language, symbolism, and evolving perspectives, this study seeks to illuminate the enduring relevance of Ramanujan's work in fostering dialogue and critical reflection on societal structures. </em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions</strong>:<em> Finally, the findings of this study not only provide insights into Ramanujan's poetic skill, but also highlight the larger socio-cultural ramifications of his work. The study suggests avenues for further research into the contemporary resonance of Ramanujan's perspectives on caste and identity. It also invites more investigation into how literature, particularly poetry, serves as a potent device for socio-cultural commentary and contemplation.</em></p> Pankaj Kumar Singh Pankaj Copyright (c) 2024 Pankaj Kumar Singh Pankaj https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-02 2024-01-02 4 1 11 26 Concept of Family in the Novels of Jane Austen https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/128 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The paper entitled “Concept of Family in the Novels of Jane Austen” brings out the novels deal with the position of women and their social and cultural possibilities, most of which are connected to marriage. The motive behind this research is to highlight the gender inequalities and the discriminations among family members and how these things affects the life of women. It helps to understand the impacts of society and men’s stereotypical mind set on women’s life.</p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches: </strong>The research design for this study is qualitative and based on textual analysis of primary and secondary sources. The research is based on correlation study. Subjective and interpretivist perspective have been taken. George Herbert Mead’s theory “Symbolic Interaction” is studied for focusing on changing roles and symbols affect the ways family members interact with each other and with society.</p> <p><strong>Outcome: </strong>It has been explored in the research that women have been dependent on men mentally as well as emotionally. The condition of these female characters are quite matching with our own practical life and the plenty of interpersonal relationship problems can be resolved. The relevance of this research is undoubtedly worth is as many people in today's life are suffering from a relationship crisis in families.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions:</strong> The work of Jane Austen is part of a broad cultural process that has resulted in the evolution of a woman’s voice as the voice of diligence and good sense. Marriage is considered to be all and end all of life. Question is raised why women should marry. Would she not able to be self-depend? Why does she not have equal opportunities as man? Why should marriage be the last and only surviving option for living a happy life? Women are not inferior or less to any other members in family. Somehow it is because they lack enough education. </p> Afroz Jahan Copyright (c) 2024 Afroz Jahan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-06 2024-01-06 4 1 27 47 Possible Solutions to the Sufferings of Afghani Women in Nadia Hashimi’s novel, That Pearls Broke Its Shell https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/127 <p><strong>Aim</strong>:<em> This study aims to prove that the sufferings of Afghanistan women is the result of the practicing outdated, harmful cultural beliefs and the societal pressure exists on men to prove manhood, and the blind belief in the religious script without trying to know the real meaning of it as reflected in the novel, That Pearl That Broke Its Shell by Nadia Hashimi. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and approaches:</strong><em> This study is designed in a qualitative way. Extensive approach is used to examine topics such as gender, culture, psychology, religions which are not directly related to the novel.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> Unable to confront her husband directly, Rahima escapes from her house after her son’s death and dresses like a man and leads a free life like once her grandmother did. Eventually Rahima finds out her own survival tactics. It is observed that it is in the hands of women to take initiative to free themselves from all clutches.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and suggestions:</strong><em> Afghanistan men are actually in need of intellectual inputs from other countries. Taliban leaders should be in touch with other Islamic countries where women are treated with dignity. The freedom of Afghanistan women is only in the hands of Afghanistan men. If at all they understand the capability of women; the need and functions of men and women’s body; the negative results of following old fashioned cultural practices; the science behind the functions of men and women’s brain; the correct interpretation of Sharia; the problem of Afghanistan women can be resolved.</em></p> A. Padmavathy Copyright (c) 2024 A. Padmavathy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-05 2024-01-05 4 1 48 66 Stereotyping Dalit Masculinity in Vijay Tendulkar’s Play Kanyadaan (1983) https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/130 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The paper aims to study the intricate relationship between Dalit dispossession and mental deformity. It explores the role of social experiences and expressions in shaping Dalit Masculinity as unfolded in the play&nbsp;<em>Kanyadaan</em>. It studies the stigma of the caste, the plight of Dalit women, and Dalit politics and unravels stereotypical representations of Dalit masculinity.</p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong> The research is qualitative and analytical. The paper uses existing Dalit literature and R.W Connell's concept of Multiple Masculinities as a theoretical framework and uses feminism and psychoanalysis approaches for textual analysis.</p> <p><strong>Outcome: </strong>The study presents&nbsp;<em>Kanyadaan</em>&nbsp;as an anti-Dalit play and unveils the milieux of class and caste to scrutinise gender and emotional conflict through language and behaviour. It interrogates liberal reformism as an experiment in terms of inter-caste marriage and its impact on women who are doubly marginalised. The study takes into cognisance the role of the Dalit Panther movement and the resurfacing of Dalits in social spaces.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions: </strong>The article focuses on discarding the one-dimensional treatment of hierarchy, highlights inherent violence and lack of agency for women and brings us closer to the sufferings of an idealist father who sacrificed his daughter at socio-political ideology. In the future, a study of multiple masculinities in other literary texts where the intersectionality between caste and gender exists can be done to develop a nuanced understanding of the complexities involved.</p> Aliya Saba Mirza Copyright (c) 2024 Aliya Saba Mirza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-06 2024-01-06 4 1 67 77 Language Politics and Decline of Culture in Anita Desai’s In Custody (1984) https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/126 <p><strong>Aims:</strong> <em>The present paper attempts to provide a comprehensive analysis of Hindi-Urdu conflict and Urdu’s resultant decline in post-partition India. It also attempts to shed light on the genuine attempt of the protagonist cum custodian to retain the glory of the lost tradition.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches: </strong><em>This proposed study is analytical in nature. In order to depict language politics and cultural decline in the novel, an in-depth textual analysis has been done. Since history appears to be pulverizing and destroying the lives of the individuals in this novel, this study analyses the text in historical context. It also follows the explanatory approach in order to delineate the intricacies of human psyche and human relationship. </em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> This paper offers a reflection on the causes and effects of language politics and cultural decline in the post-partition India. It also interrogates the issue of communalization of languages in India during the troubled and turbulent times of history. This paper addresses the need to preserve the syncretic culture of India which is only possible through its true practitioners. </em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions:</strong><em> This paper underlines the challenges during tumultuous times of history. Urdu as a language has been depicted in a vulnerable state in post-partition India which is on the verge of perishing. The protagonist’s extreme isolation and abrogation of the monotonous poetic/public life is certainly a corollary of irresistible and devastating presence of history. Literally, the entire novel reads as a despondent eulogy on the demise of a language. The film adaptation of the novel can further be analyzed through the cinematic lens.</em></p> Navin Kumar Yadav Copyright (c) 2023 Navin Kumar Yadav https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-01-04 2023-01-04 4 1 78 94 Exploring and Imagining Gender Identity and Feminism in Mahashweta Devi’s Literary Narratives https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/132 <p><strong>Aims:</strong> <em>This study aims to explore the complex themes of feminism and gender identity in the writings of well-known Indian novelist and social activist Mahashweta Devi. Mahashweta Devi weaves complex stories, social criticism, and in-depth examinations of gender relations into her works, creating a beautiful tapestry. To reveal the many ways in which Devi questions authority systems, reimagines gender roles, and challenges conventional norms, this research uses a thorough examination of a few chosen writings.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong> The paper will shed light on the textual analysis of the literary narratives of the author and use qualitative methodology.<em> </em><em>Her work serves as a prism to analyze the intersectionality of gender and its effects on the underprivileged. The study also looks at Devi’s utilization of mythology, local folklore, and tribal narratives to create a distinctive feminist discourse that captures the variety of Indian women’s experiences.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome: </strong><em>Examining how feminism and gender identity interact in Devi’s stories, the study highlights the writer’s deft representation of women navigating intricate sociocultural contexts. Devi tackles themes of patriarchy, caste, and class through characters like Draupadi and Dopdi Mejhen, among others.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions</strong>:<em> To sum up, this research study explores how gender identity and feminism are imaginatively represented and deeply explored in Mahashweta Devi’s literary writings. Based on a thorough examination of Devi’s works, the study demonstrates Devi’s skill in handling gender-related, identity-related, and socio-political concerns. Future research should examine other angles in order to further our understanding of Mahashweta Devi’s literary contributions to feminism and gender identity.</em></p> Pratima Chaturvedi Copyright (c) 2023 Pratima Chaturvedi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-01-22 2023-01-22 4 1 95 108 A Critical review of The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/133 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> <em>In a coming-of-age Hispanic narrative 'The House on Mango Street' Sandra Cisneros portraits a young girl of twelve ‘Esperanza Cordero’, grappling with issues like universal theme of self-exploration and the search for empowerment. Her awakening to realities of the women folk around affirms her conviction to be free from patriarchy and to establish a place full of hope against adversity.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong><em> Sandra Cisneros's “The House on Mango Street” can be analysed from various thematic perspective. Discovery for self, Gender roles, cultural and ethnic identity shape the characters. Recurring symbols and images such as houses, names, colours, shoes and trees convey themes related to identity, dreams, and the search for home.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcomes:</strong><em> Bilingualism and the use of Spanish explore how language contributes to the cultural authenticity in narrative and influences the characters' communication. In the beginning protagonist, Esperanza dislikes her house on Mango Street but at the end she recognizes her roots and heritage. Thus, personal growth, self-realization and resolution for community are the outcomes.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> Triumph of female characters by taking liberty with the help of some agencies for self-expression against all oddities in a Hispanic patriarchal society makes the novel appealing. Complexities of assimilation, impact of social expectations on individuals within a specific cultural context, socioeconomic analysis, and fragmented episodes depict Esperanza’s evolution for self. Thus, structure and form contribute in conveying overall meaning of the novel.</em></p> Kaushal Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Kaushal Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-01-28 2023-01-28 4 1 109 116 Gender Discrimination, Identity Crisis and Social Stratification In the The Ministry Of Utmost Happiness By Arundhati Roy https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/136 <p><strong>Aims: </strong><em>This paper aims to study the power hierarchy, social discrimination and sexual identity through the lens of the contemporary society. Arundhati Roy won the Man Booker Prize in 1997 for her debut novel ‘The God Of Small Things.’ This novel in question, ‘The Ministry of Utmost Happiness’ is a symbolical masterpiece and dives deep into the human psychology and the changing dynamics of gender-roles.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches</strong>: <em>The study attempts to discuss in a comprehensive manner some prominent issues including corruption, sexual indifference, social in-acceptance, power and politics, capitalism, class and caste distinction that are discussed through the lives of the characters and dealt with the magnifying lens of human psychology.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome</strong>: <em>The paper reflects on how Arundhati Roy writes to demand attention and action regarding the injustice and inequality prevalent across society. She wishes to create a more sustainable world, a world that accepts people irrespective of the difference in their appearance or opinions; a better, safer and a more peaceful society to live in.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusions and Suggestions</strong>: <em>This paper highlights the struggles and challenges of the rigid caste system prevailing in the country. The writer talks about justice for humans and animals alike. It’s not in the literal sense of the term “happy novel” but every character is given a ray of hope and how they prove their unwavering strength amid times of distress and tragedy.</em></p> Leema Dhar Copyright (c) 2023 Leema Dhar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 4 1 117 125 The Cognition of Disability: Formulation of Models and Trends https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/135 <p><strong>Aims: </strong><em>The paper entitled “Disability Studies: Models and Trends” brings out a deeper concern of representation of reflected mind rather the physical awareness of body. The motive behind this research is to highlight the models and trends of disability studies across the socio-cultural aspects. It covers social model, political model, biophysical model, psychological model and cultural model across the boundaries of all limitations. The concept of ability is overwhelmed through the road of disability. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong> <em>The paper is primarily based on the mental reflection rather than physical reflection regarding disability, its nature and application. It is concerned with the insightful psyche of disability. The interpretation has been made in such a way to lead a better understanding of literary narrative as an outcome of strong mind competency to handle the mentality. The methods and approaches adopted for writing of this paper are descriptive, comparative and evaluative.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong> <em>The paper offers a new approach to insight into certain trends and models in reference to the concept of disability. It questions on intellectual thinking of intellectual thinker in regard of disability how it states the mentality of sound person towards disabled person.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>It is requisite to make every single thing accessible to every single person with a disability.</em> <em>One, who is strong by mind and soul, cannot suffer from physical illness. Disability is deemed to overcome issues related to mentality. It can be taken with positivism rather than negativism. Disability with positivity is an exploration of healthy mind rather than unhealthy mind with negativity. </em></p> Wasim Azam Copyright (c) 2024 Wasim Azam https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-31 2024-01-31 4 1 126 133 Subaltern Voice in Jane Eyre: A Study in woman's Struggle for Equality https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/137 <p><em><strong>Aims:</strong> The paper is a modest attempt at woman’s struggle for equality as depicted in Jane Eyre. A novel is the most powerful tool to express one's feelings and reactions using imagination brimming with reality. During the Victorian days, a number of novelists expressed social, economical and political realities of the time. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte is an empowering Victorian novel brimming with Gothic tropes and explosive energy. The novel tries to empower women maintaining morality and dignity.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Methodology and Approach:</strong> The paper aims to realize women’s potential to gain their rights to in male-dominated society. Initially, the novel is a love story. But the way Jane struggles to get what she desires is really very appealing.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Outcome:</strong> The novel is clearly a petition for the equal rights of women. Jane is a character of strong faith and determination. The novel is also read as a feminist tract. Jane's character reveals that life can only be satisfying when lived fully and on one's terms. Jane represents women who are desirous of getting their own way in life.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion: </strong></em><em>Finally, it is clear that Charlotte Bronte depicted the masculine subjugation of women and the prejudices associated with it in her book. In the book, women were raised exclusively to perform household tasks. Their gender and class distinguished them as oppressed women against oppressor men. </em><em>Charlotte Bronte depicted the masculine subjugation of women and the prejudices associated with it in her book. In the book, women were raised exclusively to perform household tasks. Their gender and class distinguished them as oppressed women against oppressor men.</em></p> Manoj Kumar Jha Copyright (c) 2023 Manoj Kumar Jha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-31 2024-01-31 4 1 134 142 Power and Politics in Select Plays of Vijay Tendulkar https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/141 <p><strong>Aim: </strong><em>This research paper examines the dynamics of power and politics in Vijay Tendulkar’s Kamala and Silence! The Court is in Session. Kamala dissects the numerous ways patriarchy manifests, impacting not only the titular character, Kamala, but also the seemingly ‘privileged’ wife, Sarita. While Silence! The Court is in Session exposes the pervasive nature of patriarchal power through its portrayal of a mock trial against Leela Benare.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><em>: A close reading of the plays will be conducted to identify key themes and narrative techniques. The analysis will examine how gender roles are constructed and challenged within the plays</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> Vijay Tendulkar has skillfully portrayed the dynamics of patriarchal power and politics, which aim to suppress women. He has given readers a platform to discuss this issue of oppression.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestion: </strong><em>His plays, Kamala and Silence! The Court is in Session, aim to dismantle the patriarchal mindset of the people. With these works of Tendulkar in consideration, other works of contemporary writers can be studied and analyzed to dissect the power dynamics and politics dictating the lives of the oppressed.</em></p> Shafqeen Khan Manjari Johri Copyright (c) 2023 Shafqeen Khan, Manjari Johri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-17 2023-04-17 4 1 143 156 Psychological Resilience: Drawing Parallels between Characters in The Maze Runner- Trilogy and Individuals Coping with COVID-19 https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/142 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> <em>The aim of this study is to compare the experiences of individuals overcoming the COVID-19 epidemic with those of characters in The Maze Runner series, aiming to investigate the concept of psychological resilience. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong><em> The study utilises a comparative analysis between real-life experiences of individuals dealing with COVID-19 and the fictional adventures depicted in The Maze Runner series. It employs an interdisciplinary approach that combines insights from psychology, literature, and sociology to understand how resilience manifests in the face of adversity. </em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> The research aims to clarify the ways in which resilience manifests itself during times of crisis through the comparative examination of real-life experiences and fictional narratives. The results offer insightful guidance to individuals, groups, and society at large, contributing to the ongoing conversation about psychological resilience and providing nuanced perspectives on managing misfortune and uncertainty effectively. </em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> In conclusion, there are important lessons to be learned about coping strategies, resilience, and adaptation from the similarities between the COVID-19 epidemic and the The Maze Runner trilogy. In the same vein, those overcoming the pandemic's obstacles have demonstrated resilience in the face of uncertainty, social isolation, and life disruption. In the end, realising these parallels improves our comprehension of human resilience and guides initiatives to help people and communities confronting hardship in both real and fictitious settings.</em></p> Mahin Shah Copyright (c) 2023 Mahin Shah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-04-17 2023-04-17 4 1 157 169 Elements of Postmodernity in Nissim Ezikeil’s Poetry https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/143 <p><strong>Aim:</strong><em> A well-known author of Indian English literature, Nissim Ezekiel has had a profound impact with his avant-garde poetry that deftly negotiates the intricacies of modernity, post-colonialism, and human existence. This abstract examines Ezekiel's poetry and examines his use of language, identity, and societal critique in addition to his connection with postmodern concepts including irony, fragmentation, and metafiction. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> <em>The paper explores Ezekiel's legacy and reception, highlighting his impact on later writers' generations and his function as a cultural representative for Indian literature. Using his poetry to critique the injustices, inequalities, and absurdities of the world around him while also honouring the tenacity, inventiveness, and dignity of common people, Ezekiel skill fully navigated the turbulent currents of modernity and post-colonialism throughout his career. </em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> Ultimately, the poetry of Nissim Ezekiel addresses the universal human need for transcendence, purpose, and connection amidst life's follies and uncertainties. Ezekiel reminds us of the eternal power of literature and the arts to enlighten the deepest recesses of the human soul and to light the path towards a brighter future by inviting us to pause, ponder, and consider the mysteries of existence through his poetry. Even though his voice has been hushed, his words live on in the passages of time, providing comfort, insight, and motivation to everyone who hears them.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> Nissim Ezekiel's collection of works are proof of the poetry's timeless ability to convey the complexity of the human experience and to elicit participation, contemplation, and reflection. Moreover, Ezekiel's legacy goes beyond his personal creative accomplishments and includes his mentoring and teaching roles, his impact on later writing generations, and his enduring influence on the larger canon of literature. </em></p> Manaal Ahsan Copyright (c) 2024 Manaal Ahsan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-28 2024-03-28 4 1 170 180 A Panoramic View of Ngugi Wa Thiongo’s Weep not, Child https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/144 <p><strong>Aim:</strong><em> In this paper, the aim is to identify various issues like mimicry, resistance, rebellion, and victory etc. which define a typical postcolonial text in Ngugi Wa Thiongo’s Weep Not Child. Ngugi highlighted the Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya, its causes, its militants’ participation in Guerilla warfare, and the consequences of the Mau Mau movement. He makes a brilliant amalgamation of history and fiction. Weep Not, Child is written at the very beginning of Ngugi’s career.&nbsp; He himself has been a witness to the effects of colonization in Kenya which he brings to the center in the novel. </em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approach:</strong><em> The authors have consulted the primary and secondary sources as part of their research. Further the researchers have applied the postcolonial theory in this work with the intention of bringing out the perspectives of both the colonizer and the colonized. In addition, the online material pertaining to the impact of colonialism on the psyche of the colonized has been discussed in detail in this research paper. </em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> Through this paper, the researchers have found that the pain pertaining to the trauma of colonialism continues to linger on long after the colonial era has come to an end. The researcher also wish to pin point the fact that special attention must be given to postcolonial studies to cement the relations between the colonizer and the colonized.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions:</strong><em> Though the era of colonialism has come to an end, imperialism has taken over from colonialism. Economic sanctions are imposed on less powerful economies by the more powerful economies. Still the question of achieving an egalitarian society continues to remain a chimera.</em></p> Archana Gupta A. B. R. Prasad Copyright (c) 2023 Archana Gupta, A. B. R. Prasad https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 4 1 181 193 Revisiting Indian Philosophy: A Study of Ethical Codes in Bhagwat Gita https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/145 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> <em>This comprehensive study aims to conduct a deep dive into the intricate fabric of Indian philosophy, as encapsulated in the Bhagwat Gita, with a particular emphasis on elucidating its profound ethical codes.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong><em> By meticulously examining the text, we endeavor to unravel the underlying principles and moral frameworks that have provided spiritual and ethical guidance to individuals for centuries, transcending geographical and temporal boundaries.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong> <em>Through a rigorous and multifaceted analysis of the ethical teachings embedded within the Bhagwat Gita, this study endeavors to unearth timeless wisdom and philosophical insights that resonate with contemporary society. By elucidating the relevance and applicability of these ethical codes to the complexities of modern life, we seek to offer invaluable guidance for navigating moral quandaries, fostering personal growth, and promoting societal harmony.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> The Bhagwat Gita stands as a beacon of ethical enlightenment, offering profound guidance and moral clarity that transcends the passage of time. Its teachings serve as a roadmap for leading a life of integrity, virtue, and spiritual fulfilment. By revisiting Indian philosophy through the lens of the Bhagwat&nbsp;Gita, this study underscores the enduring significance of its ethical principles, inviting individuals to engage in profound introspection and self-discovery as they embark on the journey towards a more meaningful existence.</em></p> Raj Mishra Copyright (c) 2024 Raj Mishra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-28 2024-03-28 4 1 194 205 Climate Change, Literature and the Non-Human Agency: An Analysis of Amitav Ghosh’s Select Works https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/146 <p><strong>Aims:</strong><em> The paper titled "Climate Change, Literature, and Non-human Agency: An Analysis of Amitav Ghosh's Selected Works" aims to explore Ghosh's viewpoints on Climate Change and its effects on both humans and non-humans, while also investigating the contribution of literature in tackling this global issue.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and Approaches:</strong><em> The study is grounded in qualitative research, delving into examining three literary pieces by Amitav Ghosh. Drawing heavily from the author's seminal theoretical work, "The Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable," the paper also scrutinizes his two other fictional narratives, specifically "The Gun Island" and "The Living Mountain."</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> Ghosh criticizes the Western canonical literature for ignoring climate change in their works and waging war against Nature. He believes that to mitigate the risks of climate change and save our planet from its disastrous effects, humans must return to Nature. Ghosh thinks returning to nature is the ultimate solution for today’s planetary crisis. </em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Suggestions:</strong><em> Ghosh like many other activists believes that climate change is human-induced. He blames the modernist writers for ignoring the earth and promoting industrialism, and considers them "complicit in the great derangement." His works tell the stories of human and non-human predicaments due to climate disruptions and ecological degradation. His recent books, like Gun Island, and The Living Mountain depict the unfavorable conditions of non-humans like trees, mountains, snakes, dolphins, crabs, spiders, and other such entities as a result of climate change. </em></p> Ramesh Fayez Copyright (c) 2023 Ramesh Fayez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 4 1 206 215 A Critical Study of James Cameron's Avatar through the Lens of Ecocriticism https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/147 <p><strong>Aim: </strong><em>Avatar, directed by James Cameron and released in 2009, has become a cultural sensation, smashing box office records and igniting debates on a range of environmental and social concerns. Ecocriticism is a literary and cultural philosophy that explores the connection between literature, culture, and the environment. It is one renowned lens through which the movie may be examined. This critical analysis examines how Avatar addresses ecological issues and looks into the movie's environmental themes.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology and approach:</strong><em> Comprehensive Approach Exploring Ecocriticism and its application on film studies, literary criticism, and sociocultural examination.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> The paper aims to explore the understanding of the term Ecocriticism and apply it on film studies to reflect upon the environmental and climate concerns, the exploitation of human being of resources from the Earth that might result in the complete destruction of society and the planet. The paper also attempts to understand how environment has been visually explored by James Cameron in his film and becomes a strong critique of capitalism and it adverse effect on environment. </em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> The paper highlights how movies have the power to promote ecological knowledge and positive action outside of theatres, especially considering the ongoing and evolving environmental issues.</em></p> Adarshi Dubey Mohit Singh Rohit Yadav Copyright (c) 2024 Adarshi Dubey, Mohit Singh, Rohit Yadav https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 4 1 216 228 Cultural Transformation and Individual Identity: A Study of Assimilation in the Novels of Bharati Mukherjee https://literaryherm.org/index.php/ojs/article/view/148 <p><strong>Aim:</strong><em> The Aim of the paper is to show the Indian women struggle in the society for their rights. My aim in this paper is to analyse the sufferings faced by women in Identity and Cultural Transformation. In the novel Jasmine, we analyses that there are multiple identities of the main protagonist. Jasmine meets different people and her identity changes according to their will. Jasmine had suffered many challenges when she goes to America to fulfil her dead husbands wish. In desirable daughters by Bharati Mukherjee, there are three daughters who are having different paths in their life. And the main protagonist named Tara did not wanted to marry and wanted to continue her studies further. But because of her father she had to get married. Then she tries to find her&nbsp;own identity.</em></p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong><em> Firstly, I read the primary text by Bharati Mukherjee. Then I did secondary reading and read some research articles on this topic. Simultaneously, I had formed a comparative analysis of both the chosen text and framed the outline for my paper. Thereafter, I studied the two texts on the aspect of assimilation, cultural identity and&nbsp;transformation.</em></p> <p><strong>Outcome:</strong><em> Through this paper, the researcher has found the struggles to identify in oneself in a new country and challenges one faces in cultural assimilation.</em></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> In Bharati Mukherjee's novels Jasmine and Desirable Daughters it is clearly shown that how women struggles for their identities. Both of them struggle a lot. In Jasmine novel the protagonist undergoes a journey of self-identity. The protagonist is shown as a courageous woman who tries to adapt herself to the life of America. In the Desirable Daughters, the protagonist remembers a past story and she finds a sense of peace in her life at the end.</em></p> Shraddha Agarwal Copyright (c) 2024 Shraddha Agarwal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-29 2024-03-29 4 1 228 236